Bridges are to mend the gap. Bridges are in every state, every country, and every town in the world. Bridges have been around ever since humans began to move themselves — and their goods — from one place to another.
In this article you are going to see some of the most amazing bridges ever built.
Millau Viaduct, France
Et voila — the Millau Viaduct, a massive bridge that opened in 2004 to carry the A75 motorway south to Beziers.In reality, the highest point of this cable-stayed bridge is taller than the Eiffel Tower by 62 feet (19 meters) and only a little bit shorter than the Empire State Building (1,250 feet or 381 meters tall, if you’re wondering). A car traveling over the span is actually suspended 890 feet (271 meters) above the valley. Drivers who overcome their fear of heights can shave 62 miles (100 kilometers) and four hours off the long trip from Clermont-Ferrand to popular destinations along the Mediterranean Sea. The bridge also reduces pollution by relieving congestion that used to occur as cars queued up to cross a much older and smaller bridge in Millau.
Hangzhou Bay Bridge (China): World’s Longest Trans-Oceanic Bridge
Across the Hangzhou Bay extends the longest trans-oceanic bridge in the world, with 35,673 kilometres (22 mi) long with six expressway lanes in two directions. The bridge was built to address traffic congestion in the booming region, cutting the driving time between Shanghai and Ningbo from four to two-and-a-half hours.
The Falkirk Wheel, Scotland
Their is more to this bridge than it’s very futuristic design. This is the worlds first and only boat lift! That’s right, the structure can actually rotate 180 degrees and is equipped with two locks which have 168 m long tunnels that emerge at the ends of the 2 wheels. Boats at the bottom sail into these tunnels, the structure then rotates, lifting the boats up to the top of the canal. The bridges unique way of connect the canals and transporting boats makes it an exceptional feat of modern engineering.
Khaju Bridge, Iran
The Khaju Bridge was built by the Persian King, Shah Abbas II, during the 17th century. It has 23 arches and the bridge also functions as a dam, controlling the waters of the Zayandeh river it looks over. The remains of stone seats, built for Shah Abbas II to sit on and admire the view, still remain. In the center, a pavilion was built exclusively for his pleasure, originally as a tea house.
Henderson Waves Bridge, Singapore
The bridge was designed to look like waves, as you can guess by the name. It connects 2 of Singapore’s parks, Mount Faber Park and Telok Blangah Hill Park and has a stunning view of Singapore’s natural side. At night it is lit up to add more beauty to its already artistic design. Henderson Waves is made of steel and timber. Steel is needed for structural purposes, whereas timber celebrates the beauty of the parks that it connects while adding to its classy design. The bridge is equipped with seating, lounging and sight-seeing areas to compliment its surrounding view.
Aiola island bridge
A cool bar located on a river. Aiola Island, located right in the center of the Mur River in Graz, Austria, was built in 2003, and immediately developed itself as a popular attraction. The ‘island’ was created by the New York artist Vito Acconci. It has a sunbathing area, a trendy bar and a coffee house, plus it allows you to cross the Mur River from one shore to another.
The Gateshead Millennium Bridge, England
It was opened by The Queen in 2002 and is found in the city of Newcastle, crossing over the Tyne River. The Gateshead Millennium Bridge is unique in that it is one of the few bridges in the world that tilts! When it is tilted one way, it turns into a normal pedestrian bridge that the public can cross over. When it is tilted the other way though it let boats and ships pass beneath. The bridge has won many architectural awards for its design and is nicknamed the “Winking Eye Bridge” because it looks like an eye winking every time it tilts.
Rolling Bridge, England
This unique bridge is found in the Paddington Basin area of London. Something that makes this bridge so special is how every Friday, the octagonal shape rolls out to reveal itself as a bridge. Later on during the day, it will curl itself back up into its original form, hiding itself away again until it reemerges the next Friday. The bridge uses hydraulics to achieve this and it was completed in 2004. It was designed by Thomas Heatherwick, who also designed the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Cauldron.
Chengyang Bridge, China
Nicknamed the “Wind and Rain Bridge” and hidden amongst the rice fields and mountains, this bridge is found in the Guangxi Province of China spanning the Linxi River. Built in 1916 by the Dong people, an ethnic minority in China, the bridge has five separate pagoda structures with porches and pavilions. The traditional Chinese architecture makes for a fantastic looking structure but the most amazing thing about this bridge is that during construction, not a single nail was used, relying instead on some amazing architectural tricks.
Langkawi Sky Bridge, Malaysia
The Langkawi Sky Bridge can be accessed via cable car. The bridge is a 410 ft-long curved pedestrian bridge above Gunung Matchincang roughly 2,300 ft above sea level. Once you travel up the mountain via the the cable car, the bridge gives tourists the opportunity to view some of the most beautiful sights of the Malaysian mountains and rainforests.
Magdeburg Water Bridge
This unique bridge–a water bridge across water–connects East and West Germany over the River Elbe near the Town of Magdeburg, close to Berlin. Completed in 2003, it connects Berlin’s inland harbor with the ports along the Rhine river. Several news reports cite the bridge as being Europe’s largest water bridge as well as the longest navigable aqueduct in the world. “Two important German shipping canals have been joined by a giant kilometer-long concrete bathtub,” wrote Deutsche Welle, a German media company. The waterway was more than 80 years in the planning, the company said, as construction started in the 1930s, but was halted during the Second World War. The bridge took six years to build at a cost of about half a billion euros, and will enable river barges to avoid a lengthy and sometimes unreliable passage along the Elbe.
Banpo Bridge, South Korea
From the vintage to the modern, this really awesome bridge is found in Seoul and crosses the Han river. The bridge itself was actually created in 1982 but in 2007 a project was launched to revive the area; in 2009 the project did just that. The Koreans had the amazing idea of adding fountains across both sides. During the day, the fountain shoots 190 tons of water per minute from each side of the bridge from its 380 nozzles. At night the color of the fountain will be transformed to a rainbow by the 10,000 LED lights which create various colorful effects. The water jets are dynamic and can move in time with the music, creating spectacular ever-changing displays. As well as being stylish, the bridge is also environmentally friendly and the water is pumped directly from the river itself and continuously recycled. In 2008 the fountain made it into the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest bridge fountain. This bridge is not only a triumph to Korea, but to architecture as well.
Ponte Vecchio, Florence, Italy
Florence’s Ponte Vecchio (which means “Old Bridge”), crosses the Arno River, and is an inhabited bridge, common in Europe during the Middle Ages when merchants and residences occupied the space. “The Ponte Vecchio is more than a bridge. It is a street, a marketplace, a public square, and an enduring icon of Florence,” Dupré writes. Today, she said, the bridge houses gold shops and, on the top level, the “secret” Vasari Corridor that Renaissance nobility once used to cross between the Pitti and Vecchio palaces. The bridge is considered to be the first segmental arch bridge built in the West, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica and “is an outstanding engineering achievement of the European Middle Ages.” Built in 1345, it required fewer piers than the Roman semicircular-arch design, as the shallower segmental arch offered less obstruction to navigation and freer passage to floodwaters. Its design is generally attributed to Taddeo Gaddi, better known as a painter and pupil of Giotto. During World War II, it was the only bridge in Florence spared from destruction by German bombs, because Hitler took a fancy to it.
Siduhe Bridge, China
Opening in 2009, the Siduhe bridge is officially the worlds highest bridge; and probably the scariest for those who have a fear of heights! It is located an incredible 1,627 ft above ground to achieve this record. To get a scale of how high up this bridge is, it is higher than the Statue of Liberty, the Eiffel tower, the Pyramids of Giza and the Big Ben. It sits quietly high above a river gorge in China’s Hubei Province surrounded by China’s mountains and greenery. Building this bridge was a challenge because of it’s location. It wasn’t possible to use cranes, boats or even get helicopters up there so the engineers came up with the interesting idea of using rockets instead. Over 1000 meters of tether was attached to the end of a rocket and shot all the way across the gorge to help set up foundations. It’s unique location and unique way of construction show that this bridge will probably remain the world’s highest bridge for years to come.
This bridge across the Singapore river is unique in how it was designed to look like the structure of DNA. Opened in 2010, the Helix Bridge is made mostly from steel and is illuminated at night by ribbons of LED lighting to compliment its unique design.
What do think of these amazing bridges and which do you find most interesting one? kindly comment below…